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How Does a Heat Pump Work?

Although you may have had a heat pump in your home for years—maybe even throughout your whole life—you might still wonder how it works. Thankfully, the experts at Arctic Air Conditioning are here to explain just how a heat pump works and offer the best maintenance tips for keeping your heat pump in great shape for years to come.

How Heat Pumps Work

Though your initial assumption may be that a heat pump generates heat, it actually doesn’t. Rather, it simply moves heat around to the locations where it’s needed. Instead of using a lot of energy to create heat by themselves, heat pumps use electricity to pull heat from natural sources (such as the air or the ground), which saves a significant amount of energy. The fact that heat pumps do not need to burn fuel also makes them much more energy efficient than a gas-burning furnace.

Heat pumps not only have the ability to heat a home, but they can also be used for cooling. In the winter, heat pumps pull warm air from the outside and move it inside. In the summer, they pull warm air from the inside and move it outside. This allows you to use one heat pump instead of needing two separate systems for the purposes of heating and cooling your home. However, using a heat pump as a replacement for a standard HVAC system is typically recommended for households in more moderate climates.

Proper Heat Pump Operation

Operating your heat pump correctly is extremely important for preventing potential issues and saving money on energy costs over time. If setting back your thermostat causes your heat pump’s backup heating to come on, you may be wasting money and resources. Unless the system in your home uses a high-efficiency fan motor, continuous fan usage can negatively affect the performance of your heat pump. Installing a programmable thermostat or simply using the automatic fan setting can significantly reduce energy use. Enabling your heat pump to be as efficient as possible can reduce energy consumption anywhere between 10% to 25%.

Heat Pump Maintenance Tips

The key to helping your heat pump last as long as possible is to properly maintain it throughout the year. Regularly taking advantage of these maintenance tips will help keep it running smoothly:

  • Clean and/or change filters as needed, typically once a month
  • Remove debris from fans to prevent airflow reduction
  • Wipe down coils when they are dirty
  • Trim branches and vegetation around the outdoor unit
  • Dust supply and return registers

In addition to the steps that you can take on your own, you should also have a licensed HVAC technician complete a comprehensive tune-up twice a year—once before summer and once before winter. These inspections will help identify any problems that need to be addressed and prevent major concerns in the future. Your technician can also help you go over your options if it turns out you need to replace your heat pump system.

Heat Pump Maintenance & Installation Services in Central NJ

Whether you need a heat pump inspection, tune-up, or installation, Arctic Air Conditioning is happy to meet all of your HVAC needs with exceptional service at a price you can afford. We offer our comprehensive services throughout Monmouth, Middlesex, Mercer, Ocean, and Somerset Counties in New Jersey.

Need to schedule heat pump maintenance or installation in the Old Bridge, NJ, area? Contact us online or call (732) 455-9110 today to get a free estimate!

5 Rating |

”Great fast service. Thank you guys for emergency visit. Called at 8 pm, everything back up at 9pm.”

- Yan Vayner
5 Rating |

”They answered the call very quickly. The technician diagnosed and fixed the problem quickly. The technicians were very polite and tidy.”

- Anne Duffy
5 Rating |

”Arctic Air came to the rescue when another local vendor, Artem HVAC, did not show up for their scheduled appointment after waiting all day. Finally at 7pm , after not…”

- Melany Freedman
5 Rating |

”quick service, helpful, problem repaired on first day, other advice given in regards to my system outside of what i called them for. would use agin”

- Josh Bucher
5 Rating |

”On time ! Very thorough , great job. Artic air always comes through”

- Rick Bachmann
5 Rating |

”I almost never write reviews for any trades that do work in my home because I've found that most I use are usually satisfactory and get the job done. I've…”

- Alan Schwartz
5 Rating |

”Thank you for excellent customer service and extreme professionalism. Alex Gallo was so informative and friendly and the guys that came to do the job were great and very clean…”

- Mia Robertson
5 Rating |

”Fantastic company. I would highly recommend!”

- James Blosser
5 Rating |

”FINALLY! I found a company that's honest, reliable & has well trained employees who explain everything in detail.. Impressed with the whole company from the sales men who come to…”

- Beverly Gearhart
5 Rating |

”Always reliable, work quickly, and reasonably priced.”

- Joseph Felicetti
5 Rating |

”We had a problem with our heat. They responded fast over the phone and within an hour they were at the house. Turned out to be a faulty flame sensor.…”

- Mike Green
5 Rating |

”Dan was exceptionally polite and professional. I would use arctic air again in a heartbeat. Particularly Dan. Very very happy!”

- Travis Fascia
5 Rating |

”Jesse did an excellent job and was knowledgeable in the furnace tune up process. I would recommend Arctic Air always. Thank you.”

- Vernon Fernandes
5 Rating |

”Jesse did a great job for us. Showed us that our humidifier had not been working for the past 4 1/2 years since we moved into our house. We hope…”

- Michael Klass
5 Rating |

”Got same day service for issue with my furnace. Michael C. was professional, friendly, courteous and wore protective shoe covers, so nothing from the outside was tracked inside. He explained…”

- Teri Somoza
5 Rating |

”Shout out to Frank of Arctic Air for answering my frantic calls last night and walking me thru process to stop water from leaking furnace pump and huge thank for…”

- Diane Diaz Carbone
5 Rating |

”It was my first time using Artic Air and have to say they were great! My furnace shut down on one of the coldest night of the year and they…”

- Lauren Johnson-Passanesi
5 Rating |

”We have been customers for decades and always find Arctic Air to be competent and reliable. Robert, the technician on our recent call, was prompt, professional, knowledgeable, and courteous!”

- Deborah Ross
5 Rating |

”They have always dispatched knowledgeable and courteous repairmen. I dealt with another company that whenever they came to my home (for routine maintenance) would try to sell me a new…”

- adele miller
5 Rating |

”Very nice Professional timely and knowledgeable Got an appt quickly Would use again”

- Jennifer Bracco Ring
5 Rating |

”Arctic air responded to our problem immediately and professionally. We had a 6 year old Trane HVAC system with a heat pump that stopped working. Their technician came out and…”

- Jeff Bouquio
5 Rating |

”Loved Michael C’s Service! He’s patient, kind, reassuring, prompt and knowledgeable!”

- Amanda Sura Isaacson
5 Rating |

”Dan was the best and he proved experience really counts to figure out the RCA with the issue I had. Thanks for the availability and support over the weekend.”

- Kuchu Naidu
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