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How Does a Heat Pump Work?

Although you may have had a heat pump in your home for years—maybe even throughout your whole life—you might still wonder how it works. Thankfully, the experts at Arctic Air Conditioning are here to explain just how a heat pump works and offer the best maintenance tips for keeping your heat pump in great shape for years to come.

How Heat Pumps Work

Though your initial assumption may be that a heat pump generates heat, it actually doesn’t. Rather, it simply moves heat around to the locations where it’s needed. Instead of using a lot of energy to create heat by themselves, heat pumps use electricity to pull heat from natural sources (such as the air or the ground), which saves a significant amount of energy. The fact that heat pumps do not need to burn fuel also makes them much more energy efficient than a gas-burning furnace.

Heat pumps not only have the ability to heat a home, but they can also be used for cooling. In the winter, heat pumps pull warm air from the outside and move it inside. In the summer, they pull warm air from the inside and move it outside. This allows you to use one heat pump instead of needing two separate systems for the purposes of heating and cooling your home. However, using a heat pump as a replacement for a standard HVAC system is typically recommended for households in more moderate climates.

Proper Heat Pump Operation

Operating your heat pump correctly is extremely important for preventing potential issues and saving money on energy costs over time. If setting back your thermostat causes your heat pump’s backup heating to come on, you may be wasting money and resources. Unless the system in your home uses a high-efficiency fan motor, continuous fan usage can negatively affect the performance of your heat pump. Installing a programmable thermostat or simply using the automatic fan setting can significantly reduce energy use. Enabling your heat pump to be as efficient as possible can reduce energy consumption anywhere between 10% to 25%.

Heat Pump Maintenance Tips

The key to helping your heat pump last as long as possible is to properly maintain it throughout the year. Regularly taking advantage of these maintenance tips will help keep it running smoothly:

  • Clean and/or change filters as needed, typically once a month
  • Remove debris from fans to prevent airflow reduction
  • Wipe down coils when they are dirty
  • Trim branches and vegetation around the outdoor unit
  • Dust supply and return registers

In addition to the steps that you can take on your own, you should also have a licensed HVAC technician complete a comprehensive tune-up twice a year—once before summer and once before winter. These inspections will help identify any problems that need to be addressed and prevent major concerns in the future. Your technician can also help you go over your options if it turns out you need to replace your heat pump system.

Heat Pump Maintenance & Installation Services in Central NJ

Whether you need a heat pump inspection, tune-up, or installation, Arctic Air Conditioning is happy to meet all of your HVAC needs with exceptional service at a price you can afford. We offer our comprehensive services throughout Monmouth, Middlesex, Mercer, Ocean, and Somerset Counties in New Jersey.

Need to schedule heat pump maintenance or installation in the Old Bridge, NJ, area? Contact us online or call (732) 455-9110 today to get a free estimate!

Testimonials
5 Rating |

”I highly recommend Artic Air. When I moved into Manalapan, I had them completely redo my entire heating and cooling system, to include all new duct work. They completed the…”

- Anthony Piccolo
5 Rating |

”Always a pleasant and friendly experience whenever arctic has to come visit and maintain their equipment. All of their techs are pleasant and friendly and we even remember discussions we…”

- Dominic Ziccardi
5 Rating |

”I was very pleased with the air conditioner service we received from Arctic Air (Sal Delre) . Arctic technician Sal Delre arrived at our home at promised time. He diagnosed…”

- Usman Moghal
5 Rating |

”Our installer was very knowledgeable and worked hard until the job was done. Very respectful and professional”

- Ebony Dorsey
4 Rating |

”Arctic Air installed my gas steam boiler a few years ago and since then I have been having them come out to do the boiler startup in the fall. They…”

- Dana T.
5 Rating |

”Joe came to check both our furnace units in preparation for autumn and winter heating season. He was excellent and a good advertisement for the company. He was competent and…”

- Elizabeth Tortorella
5 Rating |

”Michael C did a super job with my heating start up. Friendly, professional and on time! See you in the spring for my air conditioning start up. Thx!”

- Amanda Caffrey
5 Rating |

”Absolutely love this HVAC service. We had a new one installed a year ago. Our electric bill is so much lower. They are extremely friendly and thorough. I have had…”

- Suzanne Z.
5 Rating |

”They were prompt in the appointment and thorough in the heating system check”

- Sue Jacobson
5 Rating |

”After using Arctic Air 20 years ago I knew where to go for my heating and central air conditioning needs for both reliable equipment and service. They're that good .”

- Tommy Baroni
5 Rating |

”The installation went very well. Artic Air from the beginning are very professional, punctual and well equip with knowledge on the system. Tom and his crew were excellent to deal…”

- Erwin B.
5 Rating |

”The installation went very well. Artic Air from the beginning are very professional, punctual and well equip with knowledge on the system. Tom and his crew were excellent to deal…”

- ERWIN BUSTAMANTE
5 Rating |

”Artic air was swift and Tony figured out what was wrong within 15 minutes I would highly recommend them.”

- William Padula
5 Rating |

”Arctic was recommended by Home Depot. It was a pleasure working with them. Alex was very knowledgeable and helped me through the process. I had many many quotes (7). He…”

- Fatima K.
4 Rating |

”Loved the crew. They were professional, they were fast, they knew their stuff, they cleaned up well. This team was awesome! The price for the unit was about average. I…”

- Patricia B.
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