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How Does a Heat Pump Work?

Although you may have had a heat pump in your home for years—maybe even throughout your whole life—you might still wonder how it works. Thankfully, the experts at Arctic Air Conditioning are here to explain just how a heat pump works and offer the best maintenance tips for keeping your heat pump in great shape for years to come.

How Heat Pumps Work

Though your initial assumption may be that a heat pump generates heat, it actually doesn’t. Rather, it simply moves heat around to the locations where it’s needed. Instead of using a lot of energy to create heat by themselves, heat pumps use electricity to pull heat from natural sources (such as the air or the ground), which saves a significant amount of energy. The fact that heat pumps do not need to burn fuel also makes them much more energy efficient than a gas-burning furnace.

Heat pumps not only have the ability to heat a home, but they can also be used for cooling. In the winter, heat pumps pull warm air from the outside and move it inside. In the summer, they pull warm air from the inside and move it outside. This allows you to use one heat pump instead of needing two separate systems for the purposes of heating and cooling your home. However, using a heat pump as a replacement for a standard HVAC system is typically recommended for households in more moderate climates.

Proper Heat Pump Operation

Operating your heat pump correctly is extremely important for preventing potential issues and saving money on energy costs over time. If setting back your thermostat causes your heat pump’s backup heating to come on, you may be wasting money and resources. Unless the system in your home uses a high-efficiency fan motor, continuous fan usage can negatively affect the performance of your heat pump. Installing a programmable thermostat or simply using the automatic fan setting can significantly reduce energy use. Enabling your heat pump to be as efficient as possible can reduce energy consumption anywhere between 10% to 25%.

Heat Pump Maintenance Tips

The key to helping your heat pump last as long as possible is to properly maintain it throughout the year. Regularly taking advantage of these maintenance tips will help keep it running smoothly:

  • Clean and/or change filters as needed, typically once a month
  • Remove debris from fans to prevent airflow reduction
  • Wipe down coils when they are dirty
  • Trim branches and vegetation around the outdoor unit
  • Dust supply and return registers

In addition to the steps that you can take on your own, you should also have a licensed HVAC technician complete a comprehensive tune-up twice a year—once before summer and once before winter. These inspections will help identify any problems that need to be addressed and prevent major concerns in the future. Your technician can also help you go over your options if it turns out you need to replace your heat pump system.

Heat Pump Maintenance & Installation Services in Central NJ

Whether you need a heat pump inspection, tune-up, or installation, Arctic Air Conditioning is happy to meet all of your HVAC needs with exceptional service at a price you can afford. We offer our comprehensive services throughout Monmouth, Middlesex, Mercer, Ocean, and Somerset Counties in New Jersey.

Need to schedule heat pump maintenance or installation in the Old Bridge, NJ, area? Contact us online or call (732) 455-9110 today to get a free estimate!

Testimonials
5 Rating |

”The repair person was clean, polite, safe and thorough. My air-conditioning is working again. Thank you”

- Sharon Solar
5 Rating |

”wonderful service! professional and nice.”

- Joanne Moliterni
5 Rating |

”Fred was amazing. Very professional! The entire team at Artic Air is incredible!!”

- Daniel Depaolo
5 Rating |

”Joe was aces! He diagnosed my problem quickly and hopefully I’ll be back up and running soon!”

- Michael Brusca
5 Rating |

”Alex was professional and explained everything to me, I really appreciated that he put plastic coverings over his his boots and wOre his mask. They texted me when they were…”

- Sherri Lane
5 Rating |

”Our technician Jesse was thoroughly professional and courteous while, all the while, maintaining social distancing. He quickly diagnosed the issue and completed the needed service is short order. I rate…”

- Larry Folvik
5 Rating |

”Arctic was very friendly, professional, and prompt. I received emails and texts confirming the appointment multiple times, and the tech who was on time and very nice. Would highly recommend.”

- Robert Radliff
5 Rating |

”Alex was awesome and very knowledgeable His professionalism is outstanding We hope to see him in the Fall for our Heating assessment thank you Patti Boniello”

- Patricia Decker-Boniello
5 Rating |

”Arctic Air came to the rescue when another local vendor, Artem HVAC, did not show up for their scheduled appointment after waiting all day. Finally at 7pm , after not…”

- Melany Freedman
5 Rating |

”great job unclogging a blocked AC drain , fixed the leak and system is running nice and cool!”

- Risa Weiss
5 Rating |

”Very happy with the service and the tec hnician.”

- Susan B
5 Rating |

”Moving to another town, we were happy to learn Arctic Air also covers this geographic region. We asked for an A/C system check on a system which we believe the…”

- Steven Myers
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