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How Does a Heat Pump Work?

Although you may have had a heat pump in your home for years—maybe even throughout your whole life—you might still wonder how it works. Thankfully, the experts at Arctic Air Conditioning are here to explain just how a heat pump works and offer the best maintenance tips for keeping your heat pump in great shape for years to come.

How Heat Pumps Work

Though your initial assumption may be that a heat pump generates heat, it actually doesn’t. Rather, it simply moves heat around to the locations where it’s needed. Instead of using a lot of energy to create heat by themselves, heat pumps use electricity to pull heat from natural sources (such as the air or the ground), which saves a significant amount of energy. The fact that heat pumps do not need to burn fuel also makes them much more energy efficient than a gas-burning furnace.

Heat pumps not only have the ability to heat a home, but they can also be used for cooling. In the winter, heat pumps pull warm air from the outside and move it inside. In the summer, they pull warm air from the inside and move it outside. This allows you to use one heat pump instead of needing two separate systems for the purposes of heating and cooling your home. However, using a heat pump as a replacement for a standard HVAC system is typically recommended for households in more moderate climates.

Proper Heat Pump Operation

Operating your heat pump correctly is extremely important for preventing potential issues and saving money on energy costs over time. If setting back your thermostat causes your heat pump’s backup heating to come on, you may be wasting money and resources. Unless the system in your home uses a high-efficiency fan motor, continuous fan usage can negatively affect the performance of your heat pump. Installing a programmable thermostat or simply using the automatic fan setting can significantly reduce energy use. Enabling your heat pump to be as efficient as possible can reduce energy consumption anywhere between 10% to 25%.

Heat Pump Maintenance Tips

The key to helping your heat pump last as long as possible is to properly maintain it throughout the year. Regularly taking advantage of these maintenance tips will help keep it running smoothly:

  • Clean and/or change filters as needed, typically once a month
  • Remove debris from fans to prevent airflow reduction
  • Wipe down coils when they are dirty
  • Trim branches and vegetation around the outdoor unit
  • Dust supply and return registers

In addition to the steps that you can take on your own, you should also have a licensed HVAC technician complete a comprehensive tune-up twice a year—once before summer and once before winter. These inspections will help identify any problems that need to be addressed and prevent major concerns in the future. Your technician can also help you go over your options if it turns out you need to replace your heat pump system.

Heat Pump Maintenance & Installation Services in Central NJ

Whether you need a heat pump inspection, tune-up, or installation, Arctic Air Conditioning is happy to meet all of your HVAC needs with exceptional service at a price you can afford. We offer our comprehensive services throughout Monmouth, Middlesex, Mercer, Ocean, and Somerset Counties in New Jersey.

Need to schedule heat pump maintenance or installation in the Old Bridge, NJ, area? Contact us online or call (732) 455-9110 today to get a free estimate!

Testimonials
5 Rating |

”Air conditioning "died" on a 98 degree weekend. Extremly pleased that I was able to get a same day appointment. Christian showed up on time and quickly assessed the problem.…”

- Steph K
5 Rating |

”Took a no nonsense approach. Got right to the problem and resolved it very quickly. Fast, courteous and knowledgeable. I would absolutely use this Company and this technician again.”

- Frank Goodline
5 Rating |

”I would like to personally thank Arctic Air for making customer service a priority. A special thanks to “John” for reaching out and reinforcing my belief that I chose the…”

- Sunnie Casimiro
5 Rating |

”I have been a customer of Arctic Air for 9 years now. They are always prompt, knowledgeable and professional with their service. Today Dan Mawber (one of their service techs)…”

- David Heiblim
5 Rating |

”We have had wonderful service this week from Arctic Air. On Monday, Anthony came out to do our seasonal maintenance and made time in his schedule to accommodate us in…”

- Harry Himelfarb
5 Rating |

”Very personable, professional, neat and efficient.”

- Mike Spinelli
5 Rating |

”This is my third experience with Arctic Air Conditioning and the service has been excellent each time! My call this time was because my air conditioning wasn’t working so it…”

- Barbet Rucker
5 Rating |

”We arrived home to find the AC was not running, called the service. Rob was here and my AC was up and running by 615pm. No exaggeration! Excellent service! I…”

- Lisa Michalski-Sciarrino
5 Rating |

”My brother needed a new heating & air conditioning system. I had him call Arctic Air. Since my brother needed some help understanding what to ask I was there from…”

- javier santiago
5 Rating |

”Our old furnace conked out 3 years ago. Got one estimate for a new furnace, which was more than our budget allowed. Arctic's estimate was quite a bit less. They…”

- MsRollingthunder Bingham
5 Rating |

”Kyle was very professional! He was pleasant, knowledgeable, and efficient! I hope I won’t have any problems, but if I do I would request this great young man! Best Regards,…”

- Ellen Siberberg
5 Rating |

”Kyle was awesome. Very polite and professional. Serviced my AC unit in a timely fashion.”

- Sherry Komosinski
5 Rating |

”Great! From the initial call to the tech just leaving. It’s a holiday weekend, they came with no problem, fixed the problem and didn’t charge us an arm and a…”

- Lyn WD
5 Rating |

”Excellent service they always take care of me as a customer and Ithe most polite people around the technician really takes his time and goes over everything and his name…”

- Gary Placona
5 Rating |

”The installers were professional and hardworking. They were prompt and had a great attention to detail. Would definitely recommend!”

- Meghann Valeo
5 Rating |

”Polite, efficient and informative. Very professional.”

- edward bergman
5 Rating |

”I'm extremely pleased with the service I've gotten from Arctic Air. They have always been thorough and professional and paid attention to details that were missed by other companies I…”

- Ellen Bee
5 Rating |

”Kyle was very professional and answered all my questions. My HVAC is ready for Summer! I will request Kyle again for the Fall maintenance. Enjoyable experience. Thank you!”

- Jessica Hegmann
5 Rating |

”I have never had anyone teach me specific details to help with increasing the functioning with my system and what to do if there is a problem. He explained every…”

- carly
5 Rating |

”On time, respectful, courteous, efficient, professional service.”

- Theodore Goldstein
5 Rating |

”Very professional and told me everything that he was going to check”

- tony
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