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Central Air Conditioning System

To understand how your AC works, you’ll need to first know the important components of your system. A central air conditioning system is comprised of three main parts:

  1. Condenser – The condenser is the portion of your central air conditioning system that sits outside the house. Inside it you’ll find the compressor, the condenser coils, a network of refrigerant-filled tubing and a large fan to disperse heat.
  2. Compressor – Located outside your home in the condenser, the compressor condenses the refrigerant back into liquid from so it can be cycled back into the home again.
  3. Evaporator – The portion of your central air conditioning system that sits inside your home is the evaporator. Usually located in the basement, the evaporator has a series of refrigerant-filled tubes that remove the heat and moisture from the air in your home.

These parts work together to cool your home by moving the refrigerant from the condenser to the evaporator and back again. A complete cycle, starting in the condenser, includes:

  1. The compressor condenses the refrigerant into an extremely cold liquid, and the heat that has been removed from the refrigerant is blown away from the condenser by the fan.
  2. The refrigerant will then travel through tubing until it reaches your evaporator and coils.
  3. Air from your return ducts that has been drawn in from the rooms in your home is propelled upward through your filter and air handler so it passes over your evaporator coils.
  4. When the air passes over the evaporator coils, the refrigerant absorbs the heat in the air and turns into a gas. Because the evaporator coils are so much colder than the air, any moisture vapor in the air will condense on the coils. This moisture should roll off the coils into a drain called the condensate drain, provided you have proper airflow—this is how your central air conditioning system regulates the humidity in your home as well as keeping it cool. However, if you don’t have proper airflow in your AC—due to dirty air filters or under- or over-sized ducts—this moisture can freeze to your coils and cause major problems.
  5. After the heat and moisture are removed from the air, the air travels through the supply duct to be recirculated back into the home. It often takes multiple cycles of this before the air reaches the temperature set on the thermostat.
  6. Finally, the refrigerant travels back to the condenser to be compressed so the cycle can start over again.

That is a brief overview of how a central air conditioning system works. If you have any questions or you need air conditioning service in New Jersey, contact Arctic Air Conditioning.

Testimonials
5 Rating |

”Great service, clean & reliable”

- John Cagney
5 Rating |

”I was having difficulty selecting a company to repair my heating system. I did a great deal of research and finally decided upon Arctic Air Conditioning. I had been having…”

- joan gallagher
5 Rating |

”Heating system went down over night and searched on line for a HVAC contractor to do the repair. Arctic Air has the best and most reviews online for central Jersey.…”

- Kristina Wang
5 Rating |

”Used this firm several times now for maintenance and repairs. Every tech is friendly, professional and courteous. You can trust this firm. My units are closing in in the end…”

- Matthew Corey
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”Tony was amazing.”

- Fatima Velija
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”Excellent service. Fast and friendly. It doesn’t get any better than these guys! Very knowledgeable!”

- John Christopher Wesley
5 Rating |

”Kyle our service man today from Arctic Air Conditioning and Heating was super friendly and extremely efficient. He was able to diagnose the problem we were having very quickly. We…”

- Stuart Gleich
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”Fantastic service. All involved went above and beyond for me Would recommend to anyone needing HVAC work . A++++”

- Joe Holland
5 Rating |

”Arctic Air came to my home on 02/12/2019. After evaluating my furnace, we together, identified the furnace required more than repair the entire bottom of the heater was totally rusted…”

- James McLean
5 Rating |

”Very professional and friendly service”

- Maureen Howley
5 Rating |

”I had a new HVAC system installed early December and have been very happy with it. My house is warmer than it ever was. Yesterday, after adjusting thermostat, heat stopped…”

- Marlene Feldman
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”Very professional and organized.”

- Generic Customer
5 Rating |

”I called Arctic Air when my furnace stopped working unexpectedly. Customer service was very friendly and scheduled someone to come to my house within an hour. Before the technician arrived…”

- Gisele Salvodon
5 Rating |

”Always professional and great service by Arctic. We are loyal customers.”

- Marjorie Snyder Wold
4 Rating |

”Ah ...never mind ...Susan called me ..and is gonna make things better...thanks! ...I'll leave a nice review on Google ...once I get my heat back on!”

- Generic Customer
5 Rating |

”Arctic Air came in and fixed a situation we had with Temprite. They came so quickly, the tech is so knowledgeable and nice. We are so thankful and will continue…”

- Amanda Paige Heimberg
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”By far best heating and air company!! Honest and dependable”

- PAUL BATTIPAGLIA
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”We’ve had 3 or 4 service calls with Arctic Air, with different technicians each time. Each of them has been nothing short of excellent. On time, polite, able to diagnose…”

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”Arctic Air is THE BEST! Outstanding and prompt service!”

- howard fine
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”OUR Thanks to BILL,ERIC ,STEVE for doing an excellent job .clean, neat ,and fast.very polite and easy to deal with.If one needs AC work i highly recommend ARCTIC AIR CONDITIONING.THANKS…”

- evelyn bodnar
5 Rating |

”From start to finish Arctic Air delivered, and we are very happy with our new HVAC system that will help us to now be able to sell our house in…”

- Eliot Alan
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”No heat on Saturday morning, called and someone showed up by 10AM and identified that a blower motor needed to be replaced (and not in stock but could get by…”

- Andrew Scheck
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