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Central Air Conditioning System

To understand how your AC works, you’ll need to first know the important components of your system. A central air conditioning system is comprised of three main parts:

  1. Condenser – The condenser is the portion of your central air conditioning system that sits outside the house. Inside it you’ll find the compressor, the condenser coils, a network of refrigerant-filled tubing and a large fan to disperse heat.
  2. Compressor – Located outside your home in the condenser, the compressor condenses the refrigerant back into liquid from so it can be cycled back into the home again.
  3. Evaporator – The portion of your central air conditioning system that sits inside your home is the evaporator. Usually located in the basement, the evaporator has a series of refrigerant-filled tubes that remove the heat and moisture from the air in your home.

These parts work together to cool your home by moving the refrigerant from the condenser to the evaporator and back again. A complete cycle, starting in the condenser, includes:

  1. The compressor condenses the refrigerant into an extremely cold liquid, and the heat that has been removed from the refrigerant is blown away from the condenser by the fan.
  2. The refrigerant will then travel through tubing until it reaches your evaporator and coils.
  3. Air from your return ducts that has been drawn in from the rooms in your home is propelled upward through your filter and air handler so it passes over your evaporator coils.
  4. When the air passes over the evaporator coils, the refrigerant absorbs the heat in the air and turns into a gas. Because the evaporator coils are so much colder than the air, any moisture vapor in the air will condense on the coils. This moisture should roll off the coils into a drain called the condensate drain, provided you have proper airflow—this is how your central air conditioning system regulates the humidity in your home as well as keeping it cool. However, if you don’t have proper airflow in your AC—due to dirty air filters or under- or over-sized ducts—this moisture can freeze to your coils and cause major problems.
  5. After the heat and moisture are removed from the air, the air travels through the supply duct to be recirculated back into the home. It often takes multiple cycles of this before the air reaches the temperature set on the thermostat.
  6. Finally, the refrigerant travels back to the condenser to be compressed so the cycle can start over again.

That is a brief overview of how a central air conditioning system works. If you have any questions or you need air conditioning service in New Jersey, contact Arctic Air Conditioning.

Testimonials
5 Rating |

”Would highly recommend Arctic Air! The technician and service were excellent.”

- toby Gordon
5 Rating |

”I highly recommend Artic air. Sammy was my technician and he was great. Explained everything to me and answered all my questions.”

- Donna Hyman
5 Rating |

”Technician Scott made sure all was ok before he left. Always satisfied with Arctic and Scott’s service”

- Gary Stahl
5 Rating |

”It is a pleasure dealing with Arctic Air Conditioning. They are professional, communicate and show up when they say they will. The technician was knowledgeable and thorough. He explained the…”

- Petunia Mom
5 Rating |

”We have used Arctic Air since 2017 when we installed a new HVAC system. Today we had Alex Demauro come out for our yearly fall maintenance. After a not so…”

- Brielle Calvert
5 Rating |

”An excellent family owned and operated business local to Old Bridge residents. Mike B. from Sales is very honest and only sells you what you need. Howard and Ross, the…”

- Armin K.
5 Rating |

”The technician was very professional. He answered all of our questions regarding the air purification system”

- Kathleen Allen
5 Rating |

”Highly recommend! Alex D who came and serviced our heat was great and very professional.”

- Mandy D
5 Rating |

”Excellent people to rely upon. For many years I have been getting their services with full satisfaction. I recommend Arctic Air over any bigger company around Central Jersey”

- Ikram Rumana Huq
5 Rating |

”Yet another great experience with these guys! The lady on the phone to Greg coming in and fixing my heat explaining everything ! Thanks !!”

- Jessica Pires
5 Rating |

”I delt with Allison in the office and Eric Reed was my technician two very highly professional people extremely helpful and solved my ongoing problem Iwill always recommend Artic air…”

- Martina Wunder
5 Rating |

”Very thorough and reasonably priced.”

- Bill Devery
4 Rating |

”Frank was an excellent mechanic. Knew his stuff and respected my home. He installed what was in the provided kits. This unit was installed by Artic and I expected them…”

- Michael Stuart
5 Rating |

”Alex was great. Highly recommend them for both air conditioning and heating.”

- Jacqui Melman
5 Rating |

”They replaced both our heater, filter and ac unit. These guys were great. Very polite and got the job done without issues. The work they did was clean and organized.…”

- Brian Appleby
5 Rating |

”Great job cleaning an older HVAC system. On time, fast, efficient and charged reasonable fee.”

- Russell Einbinder
5 Rating |

”They replaced both our heater, filter and ac unit. They showed up on time in masks and gloves, and got right to work. These guys were great. Very polite and…”

- Brian A.
5 Rating |

”Excellent service and price”

- Marconi Cap
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