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Central Air Conditioning System

To understand how your AC works, you’ll need to first know the important components of your system. A central air conditioning system is comprised of three main parts:

  1. Condenser – The condenser is the portion of your central air conditioning system that sits outside the house. Inside it you’ll find the compressor, the condenser coils, a network of refrigerant-filled tubing and a large fan to disperse heat.
  2. Compressor – Located outside your home in the condenser, the compressor condenses the refrigerant back into liquid from so it can be cycled back into the home again.
  3. Evaporator – The portion of your central air conditioning system that sits inside your home is the evaporator. Usually located in the basement, the evaporator has a series of refrigerant-filled tubes that remove the heat and moisture from the air in your home.

These parts work together to cool your home by moving the refrigerant from the condenser to the evaporator and back again. A complete cycle, starting in the condenser, includes:

  1. The compressor condenses the refrigerant into an extremely cold liquid, and the heat that has been removed from the refrigerant is blown away from the condenser by the fan.
  2. The refrigerant will then travel through tubing until it reaches your evaporator and coils.
  3. Air from your return ducts that has been drawn in from the rooms in your home is propelled upward through your filter and air handler so it passes over your evaporator coils.
  4. When the air passes over the evaporator coils, the refrigerant absorbs the heat in the air and turns into a gas. Because the evaporator coils are so much colder than the air, any moisture vapor in the air will condense on the coils. This moisture should roll off the coils into a drain called the condensate drain, provided you have proper airflow—this is how your central air conditioning system regulates the humidity in your home as well as keeping it cool. However, if you don’t have proper airflow in your AC—due to dirty air filters or under- or over-sized ducts—this moisture can freeze to your coils and cause major problems.
  5. After the heat and moisture are removed from the air, the air travels through the supply duct to be recirculated back into the home. It often takes multiple cycles of this before the air reaches the temperature set on the thermostat.
  6. Finally, the refrigerant travels back to the condenser to be compressed so the cycle can start over again.

That is a brief overview of how a central air conditioning system works. If you have any questions or you need air conditioning service in New Jersey, contact Arctic Air Conditioning.

Testimonials
5 Rating |

”I purchased my system in 2004 and have used Arctic Air Conditioning since then. I have them service the unit regularly. They are professional and reliable.”

- Nick Gaura
5 Rating |

”Had Arctic Air service my system. Sammy Castro, the technician did an excellent job explaining everything he was doing. Highly recommend Arctic Air.”

- Rich Colasuonno
5 Rating |

”I own a business and needed a technician to come out ASAP! Customer Service at Arctic Air arranged for next day service. When they arrived (2 techs) they were prompt,…”

- Judith Jones
5 Rating |

”Great job and the best tech. Always happy to do business with you guys. A big shout out to Howard!!!!”

- Alan Choback
5 Rating |

”great service .Edwardo is a great asset for your company”

- Joan Marshall
5 Rating |

”Always professional - reliable and credible services.”

- Kim Karpeles Johnstone
5 Rating |

”These guys worked hard all day to get my HVAC installed and ready in time. Does an excellent job and very professional! You guys rock! Definitely will highly recommend to…”

- Reg Avis
5 Rating |

”Anthony was on time, courteous and knowledgeable.”

- me me
5 Rating |

”Arctic Air Conditioning, sent Sammy Castro to summarize our air conditioner. He was wonderful. He explained everything that he had to do and was a gentleman! Thank you Artic for…”

- Wendy Schnadow Seidenberg
5 Rating |

”Can’t beat the honesty and professionalism of this company. Eduardo the tech was amazing and knows his job in and out. Thank you!!”

- Doug Junior
5 Rating |

”Artic Air is always very professional an e mail is sent with the pic of the technician that wii. be coming. My tech tech was Sammy he courteous, on time…”

- Linda Martino
5 Rating |

”Always a professional experience”

- Jose Cruz
5 Rating |

”Second time using Artic very professional and communication is great.”

- Tom Goletz
5 Rating |

”Arctic Air is a great company; honest, trustworthy and employ competent technicians. Always a good experience when dealing with Arctic Air. Would recommend their services to everyone,”

- Patricia Martino
5 Rating |

”I have been using Arctic Air for over 40 Years. They are a superb company with fine knowledgeable employees. I have never had a problem with Artic”

- Ira Lenner
5 Rating |

”Technician was pleasant knowledgeable and explained my options Appreciated his honesty”

- Lynda Misyak
5 Rating |

”David came out on a Sunday as our AC unit stopped pumping cold air the night before and we have a newborn baby in the house. He was kind, knowledgeable…”

- Christopher E. Horn
5 Rating |

”Fast Dependable reliable service”

- David Schutzer
5 Rating |

”Technician Jerry Scaglione was extremely professional, he called ahead before arriving, did careful diagnostic of the existing system, explained different options, listened to our concerns, and made an excellent recommendation…”

- Zhengyuan Chen
5 Rating |

”Tony did a great job!”

- Ivy Davis
5 Rating |

”Technician Robert came out to my house today from Arctic air in old bridge NJ and he was very proffetional and new what to do. On top of that also…”

- Alex Lysenko
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