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Central Air Conditioning System

To understand how your AC works, you’ll need to first know the important components of your system. A central air conditioning system is comprised of three main parts:

  1. Condenser – The condenser is the portion of your central air conditioning system that sits outside the house. Inside it you’ll find the compressor, the condenser coils, a network of refrigerant-filled tubing and a large fan to disperse heat.
  2. Compressor – Located outside your home in the condenser, the compressor condenses the refrigerant back into liquid from so it can be cycled back into the home again.
  3. Evaporator – The portion of your central air conditioning system that sits inside your home is the evaporator. Usually located in the basement, the evaporator has a series of refrigerant-filled tubes that remove the heat and moisture from the air in your home.

These parts work together to cool your home by moving the refrigerant from the condenser to the evaporator and back again. A complete cycle, starting in the condenser, includes:

  1. The compressor condenses the refrigerant into an extremely cold liquid, and the heat that has been removed from the refrigerant is blown away from the condenser by the fan.
  2. The refrigerant will then travel through tubing until it reaches your evaporator and coils.
  3. Air from your return ducts that has been drawn in from the rooms in your home is propelled upward through your filter and air handler so it passes over your evaporator coils.
  4. When the air passes over the evaporator coils, the refrigerant absorbs the heat in the air and turns into a gas. Because the evaporator coils are so much colder than the air, any moisture vapor in the air will condense on the coils. This moisture should roll off the coils into a drain called the condensate drain, provided you have proper airflow—this is how your central air conditioning system regulates the humidity in your home as well as keeping it cool. However, if you don’t have proper airflow in your AC—due to dirty air filters or under- or over-sized ducts—this moisture can freeze to your coils and cause major problems.
  5. After the heat and moisture are removed from the air, the air travels through the supply duct to be recirculated back into the home. It often takes multiple cycles of this before the air reaches the temperature set on the thermostat.
  6. Finally, the refrigerant travels back to the condenser to be compressed so the cycle can start over again.

That is a brief overview of how a central air conditioning system works. If you have any questions or you need air conditioning service in New Jersey, contact Arctic Air Conditioning.

Testimonials
5 Rating |

”Kevin was great. He explained everything that needed to be done. Kept us in the loop so to speak. Could not ask for anyone better!”

- Ed Russin
5 Rating |

”We bought a new house and as luck would have it the AC went in the first few weeks. The Arctic Air Conditioning team was quick to come out and…”

- Michael Carrig
5 Rating |

”Again, Arctic Air did not disappoint! The experience from start to finish was first class, professional and efficient. The crew was thorough in its planning of the installation and thoughtful…”

- Semmes Brightman
5 Rating |

”I have used arctic air now on two seperate occasions. Each time a different technician . The reason why that is important, because they both were AWESOME. They do not…”

- J R
5 Rating |

”Excellent service. Technician was professional, candid, and efficient.”

- liz
5 Rating |

”The whole crew was awesome!! Thank you very much Artic Air.”

- Gary Brandspiegel
5 Rating |

”My air conditioning unit stopped working in 90 degree weather. Needless to say that it became very uncomfortable to live in my home. I googled “air conditioner repair” and scrolled…”

- HammRtrini
5 Rating |

”Great professional well done job by Dan. Thanks”

- Robert Contreras
5 Rating |

”Arctic Air is the 5th avenue of HVAC systems from the professional and efficient service from the staff to the follow up of the consumer services. They provide quality product,…”

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5 Rating |

”👍👍Customer Service”

- Linda Wines
5 Rating |

”Great guy”

- Theresa Cretella
5 Rating |

”I can not speak highly enough about Artic Air. From consult to installation to follow up, they were fantastic! They responded to my call for help immediately. I appreciated their…”

- Deb Campanella
5 Rating |

”Had a very nice technician David Olivares from ARctic Air. Very knowledgeable and efficient. Fixed issues with A/C in 30 min. Great customer service personality.”

- Yelena Kurashova
5 Rating |

”Very professional and easy to work with. Would recommend to all my friends.”

- Sol Sassoon
5 Rating |

”Thoughtful, honest and professional. Also works neatly. Thats a triple threat plus one, well done and ty. Also was on time so...”

- Jay Olarsch
5 Rating |

”Excellent service. Anthony was very friendly and knowledgable. He took the time to answer all my questions. I highly recommend Artic air.”

- Gerald Della Femina
5 Rating |

”Anthony. Was nothing but helpful. Respectful and kind. Would recommend to anyone.”

- Tyler MacDonald
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”Quick and reliable”

- Jennifer Nocera
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”Tech Anthony Molnar was fantastic. Very professional and courteous!”

- Nelson Verdadeiro
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”We were very pleased with the job done. The team was very good, tidy and couldn't have been more pleasant.”

- Fred Loeser
5 Rating |

”Jesse Evert was my technician and I'm thrilled with the work that was done. Thank you”

- Kristaval Vanicek
5 Rating |

”Anthony was very helpful and knowledgeable with servicing and fixing both my air conditioning units. Highly recommend.”

- Margie Baskin
5 Rating |

”Frank was extremely professional and helpful. He was determined to find out the source of my problem and did not give up until he tracked it down, then showed me…”

- Linda Rockmaker
5 Rating |

”Have great experience with Arctic Air. The service technicians are great to work with and they are very knowledgeable. Today I have Kyle B at my place to service my…”

- Uju Baba
5 Rating |

”The communication and follow up is great. Nick was on time, very professional and thorough.”

- J Paik
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